Proximal versus distal goal setting and intrinsic motivation

Proximal versus distal goal setting and intrinsic motivation,10.1037/0022-3514.47.4.918,Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,George Manderlink

Proximal versus distal goal setting and intrinsic motivation   (Citations: 4)
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A. Bandura and D. H. Schunk demonstrated that proximal goal setting can develop self-efficacy and intrinsic motivation from previously low levels. The present study examined the effect of goal proximity on intrinsic motivation when initial task interest was high. 66 female undergraduates were assigned either proximal or distal performance goals, or were not provided with goals, prior to completing a series of enjoyable word puzzles. Distal goal setting enhanced subsequent intrinsic motivation relative to conditions involving proximal goals or no goals. Proximal goal setting, however, produced more positive goal attainment expectations over the course of task engagement and enhanced final perceptions of performance quality to a lesser degree. Findings are interpreted according to E. L. Deci's (1975) cognitive evaluation theory of intrinsic motivation. (45 ref)
Journal: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology - PSP , vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 918-928, 1984
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