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Relaxation-induced anxiety: Paradoxical anxiety enhancement due to relaxation training

Relaxation-induced anxiety: Paradoxical anxiety enhancement due to relaxation training,10.1037/0022-006X.51.2.171,Journal of Consulting and Clinical P

Relaxation-induced anxiety: Paradoxical anxiety enhancement due to relaxation training   (Citations: 50)
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14 adults (mean age 34.4 yrs) suffering from general tension were given 1 session of training in each of 2 relaxation methods––progressive relaxation and mantra meditation; order of presentation was counterbalanced. Ss were administered a battery of tests that included the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Cognitive-Somatic Anxiety Questionnaire, and the Anxiety Differential. Four of the Ss plus 1 other who terminated prematurely displayed clinical evidence of an anxiety reaction during a preliminary practice period, while 30.8% of the total group under progressive relaxation and 53.8% under focused relaxation reported increased tension due to the relaxation session. Progressive relaxation produced greater reductions in subjective and physiological outcome measures and less evidence of relaxation-induced anxiety. (33 ref)
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