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Mediating effects of rumination and worry on the links between neuroticism, anxiety and depression

Mediating effects of rumination and worry on the links between neuroticism, anxiety and depression,10.1016/j.paid.2005.04.005,Personality and Individu

Mediating effects of rumination and worry on the links between neuroticism, anxiety and depression   (Citations: 37)
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The present study further examined the relations between neuroticism, rumination, and worry, on the one hand, and anxiety and depression, on the other hand, in a sample of 73 undergraduate students. The results indicated that there were significant correlations among neuroticism, rumination, and worry. Further, neuroticism, rumination, and worry were all positively linked to both anxiety and depression. Finally, support was found for a mediational model in which neuroticism was associated with the cognitive factors of worry and rumination, which in turn were related to anxiety and depression. The implications of these findings are discussed.
Journal: Personality and Individual Differences - PERS INDIV DIFFER , vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 1105-1111, 2005
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    • ...This finding is not only in line with the notion that repetitive negative thoughts are involved in the pathogenesis of emotional symptoms in children (see for reviews Abela and Hankin 2007; Muris 2007), but also indicates that worry and rumination in young people seem to play a similar role in the vulnerability for such problems as in adults (Muris et al. 2005b; Roelofs et al. 2008)...
    • ...In line with this, the model described by Muris et al. (2005b) proposes that repetitive negative thoughts should be seen as a cognitive concomitant of neuroticism (cf...
    • ...In line with previous research in children (Muris et al. 2004, 2009b) and adults (Fresco et al. 2002; Muris et al. 2005b; Roelofs et al. 2008; Segerstrom et al. 2000), the present results demonstrated that (1) worry and rumination were closely related to each other, and (2) both types of repetitive negative thoughts were convincingly associated with symptoms of both anxiety and depression...

    Suzanne BroerenPeteret al. The Role of Repetitive Negative Thoughts in the Vulnerability for Emot...

    • ...Numerous studies have supported the association between neuroticism and symptoms of depression in both clinical and non-clinical samples and in various situations (eg, Boyce, Parker, Barnett, Cooney, & Smith, 1991; Muris, Roelofs, Rassin, Franken, & Maver, 2005)...

    Zhonghua Wanget al. Coping mediates between social support, neuroticism, and depression af...

    • ...In keeping with the notion that emotion-focused rumination and worry can be considered transdiagnostic variables (e.g., Harvey et al. 2004), there is evidence to suggest that both forms of negative repetitive thinking are related to both anxiety and depression symptoms in adults (e.g., Blagden and Craske 1996; Fresco et al. 2002; Molina et al. 1998; Muris et al. 2005; Nolen-Hoeksema 2000; Roberts et al. 1998; Sarin et al. 2005; Starcevic ...
    • ...In general, rumination as well as worry were equally strongly related to depressive symptoms as to anxiety symptoms, adding to past research showing that rumination and worry are not specific to depression and anxiety symptoms, respectively (e.g., Blagden and Craske 1996; Fresco et al. 2002; Molina et al. 1998; Muris et al. 2005; Nolen-Hoeksema 2000; Roberts et al. 1998; Sarin et al. 2005; Starcevic 1995; Watkins 2004)...

    Lea Roodet al. Dimensions of Negative Thinking and the Relations with Symptoms of Dep...

    • ...A consistent finding in the extant literature is that worry and rumination are significantly correlated (Fresco, Frankel, Mennin, Turk, & Heimberg, 2002; Hong, 2007; Muris, Roelofs, Meesters, & Boomsma, 2004; Muris, Roelofs, Rassin, Franken, & Mayer, 2005; Segerstrom, Tsao, Alden, & Craske, 2000; Watkins, 2004; Watkins et al, 2005)...

    Geoffrey D’Hudsonet al. Worry and rumination in older adults: Differentiating the processes

    • ...Studies examining the relative contributions of both factors to symptoms of depression have found support for a mediation model in which a ruminative response style acts as a (partial) mediator in the relation between neuroticism and symptoms of depression (Bagby & Parker, 2001; Lam, Smith, Checkley, Rijsdijk, & Sham, 2003; Muris, Roelofs, Rassin, Franken, & Mayer, 2005; Roberts et al., 1998)...
    • ...It has been argued that anxiety and depression share various cognitive features (e.g., Kendall & Watson, 1989), and in keeping with this idea recent research has indicated that rumination is just as strongly associated with anxiety as with depression (Fresco, Frankel, Mennin, Turk, & Heimberg, 2002; Muris et al., 2005; Muris, Roelofs, Meesters, & Boomsma, 2004; Segerstrom et al., 2000)...
    • ...Tests of the hypothesized mediation model indeed demonstrated that the effects of neuroticism on symptoms of anxiety and depression were (partially) mediated by a ruminative response style (Bagby & Parker, 2001; Lam et al., 2003; Muris et al., 2005; Roberts et al., 1998)...

    Peter Muriset al. The Ruminative Response Style in Adolescents: An Examination of Its Sp...

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